Augustus Peabody Gardner

AUGUSTUS PEABODY GARDNER (November 5, 1865 – January 14, 1918) was born in Boston to Joseph Peabody Gardner and Harriet Sears Amory. He was the descendant of Thomas Gardner (planter) and nephew of John "Jack" Lowell Gardner II whose wife was Isabella Stewart Gardner. Jack and Isabella 'adopted' Augustus and his two brothers (Joseph and William) after the death of their father in 1875. Their mother had died in 1865.

He received his early education at Hopkinson's School in Boston and at St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire, and graduated from Harvard in 1886. After graduation he made his permanent home in Hamilton and was in business in Boston. In 1892 he married Constance Lodge, only daughter of Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, at Saint Anne's Church, Nahant, Massachusetts.

In 1898, at the outbreak of the war with Spain, he received a Commission as Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General, and was assigned to the Staff of Major-General James H. Wilson. He served in the Porto Rican campaign and was recommended for a Brevet Majority, " for gallant and meritorious services," though he did not actually receive his Brevet rank till some years afterwards.

Gardner was elected a member of the Massachusetts Senate in 1899 and served from 1900 to 1901. He was elected, as a Republican, to the Fifty-seventh Congress by special election, after the resignation of United States Representative William H. Moody. He was reelected to the eight succeeding Congresses (November 4, 1902 – May 15, 1917). He was the chairman of the Committee on Industrial Arts and Expositions during the Fifty-ninth and Sixtieth Congresses.

At the beginning of World War I, Gardner's Sister in law, Mrs. George Cabot Lodge and her children Henry, John, and Helene were stranded in France. In August 1914 Gardner traveled to France to extract the Lodges, and brought them to safety in London.

Gardner resigned from Congress to enter the army. During the First World War, he served at Governors Island. He was colonel in the Adjutant General’s Department, and later was transferred at his own request to the One Hundred and Thirty-first Regiment, United States Infantry, with the rank of major. He died of pneumonia while on active duty at Camp Wheeler on January 14, 1918 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

Speeches of the Honorable Augustus Peabody Gardner of Massachusetts in the House of Representatives

"Gardner insists on First-Rank Navy"

An very interesting article in published in N.Y. Times Jan 16 1916

The Nations Security

A transcript of the speech to the House of Representatives Oct 16 1914.

Must We Arm Debate

A Debate on the Question :
Resolved, That the Security of the Nation Requires an increase of the
Military Force of the United States.
Held in Carnegie Hall New York, April 2, 1915,
under the auspices of The Rand School of Social Science

Where Are Our Guns

The House in Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union had under consideration the bill (H.R.20347) making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1016

Army Navy Manual

Extension of Remarks of Hon. Augustus P. Gardner, of Massachusetts, In the House of Representatives, Thursday, January 14, 1915.

Safety First extension of remarks

Mr. Speaker, in accordance with the permission granted me by the House on January 15. I print the following two articles which I have recently published in the newspapers:

  • Chapter I. What is the matter with the Navy?
  • Chapter II. What ails the Army?

Some Letters of Augustus P. Gardner

A collection of letters published by his wife Constance upon his death

NY Times article

The headline reads "Roosevelt Assailed in house by Gardner" published April 5 1912.

Obituary for Augustus P. Gardner

Author of the Famous "Wake up, America!" speech a victim of pneumonia at 52.

Dinner in Honor 11-05-1921

The Roosevelt Club (Incorporated) Boston. In Honor of
AUGUSTUS PEABODY GARDNER

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